The immune system is the defense system that secures any living being from infections, germs or commonly the foreign substances that may affect the integrity of the functioning of body parts. When microorganisms enter the body, the cells of the immune system are triggered and produce the antibodies that will invade and destroy the foreign substances. These antibodies are stored in the body to fight the same microorganism the next time it enters. Autoimmune refers to a condition when the animals own immune system works against itself and causes diseases. There are several online journals and articles on the diet and treatment of these diseases like that one in autoimmunedisorderinfo.com.
The articles in http://provet.co.uk/, suggests that the primary prevention method of the autoimmune diseases is to refrain breeding of the affected animals. So to seclude them from other healthy animals is important. Based on several reported cases it has understood that autoimmune disease in dogs can affect its skin, blood cells like red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets, blood functions like clotting, kidney, muscles and neural region.
This condition is caused by the decrease in the red blood corpuscles. The autoimmune condition in dogs results in the decreased production of red blood corpuscles and increased destruction of the red blood corpuscles. This condition is derived as autoimmune hemolytic anemia in dogs. Since the duration of this condition is life long, the dogs should be kept with steroids. In very few cases, in which the dogs are not responding to any treatment, the spleen is removed. In certain rare cases, blood dialysis is also done.
Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura
ITP is a condition in which the thrombocytes, the cells responsible for blood clotting are destroyed. This will result in severe conditions if any injury occurs to the dog. The absence of required count of thrombocytes means uncontrollable bleeding during injury, surgery or any situations when a wound is formed. Symptoms being continuous bleeding, blood in excretion, fear, etc. This disease is usually treated with the high dosage of steroids and by blood transfusion.
This disease is caused on the skin of the dog. The immune system reacts on the surface components as a foreign substance and disturbs the stability of the skin. As a result swelling, pustules, irritation, skin lesions are caused. Though internal organs are prone to infection, the skin area behind the pustules is painful. Like other autoimmune diseases, this is also treated with the high dosage of glucocorticoids.
Breeding in the affected animal is restricted.
Systemic lupus erythematosus is a condition which mocks one or more diseases. So one or more autoimmune diseases combine and derive a state called SLE. Treatment is based on the conditions that combine to occur in the dog. Diseases that combine is usually kidney failure, non-reaction to antibodies, lameness, decreased WBC count, Thrombocytopenia, and polyarthritis. Polyarthritis is treated with corticosteroids.
As a pet lover, it is a very important duty to have supervision on the behavior of the dogs. Though these autoimmune diseases cannot be cured permanently, the effects can be minimized when diagnosed at an early stage. Upon diagnosing, proper care should be taken in keeping the dog secure and away from pain.